Today in History
On This Day in:
1026 – Conrad II was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope John XIX.
1799 – Napoleon captured Jaffa Palestine.
1780 – The British Gazette and Sunday Monitor was published for the first time. It was the first Sunday newspaper in Britain.
1793 – The Holy Roman Emperor formally declared war on France.
1804 – The U.S. Congress ordered the removal of Indians east of the Mississippi to Louisiana.
1804 – The Louisiana Purchase was divided into the District of Louisiana and the Territory of Orleans.
1854 – Charles III, duke of Parma, was attacked by an assassin. He died the next day.
1871 – The Paris Commune was formally set up.
1878 – Hastings College of Law was founded.
1885 – Eastman Kodak (Eastman Dry Plate and Film Co.) produced the first commercial motion picture film in Rochester, NY.
1898 – In South Africa, the world's first game reserve, the Sabi Game reserve, was designated.
1909 – Russian troops invaded Persia to support Muhammad Ali as shah in place of the constitutional government.
1910 – The U.S. Congress passed an amendment to the 1907 Immigration Act that barred criminals, paupers, anarchists and carriers of disease from settling in the U.S.
1913 – During the Balkan War, the Bulgarians took Adrianople.
1917 – At the start of the battle of Gaza, the British cavalry withdrew when 17,000 Turks blocked their advance.
1937 – Spinach growers in Crystal City, TX, erected a statue of Popeye.
1938 – Herman Goering warned all Jews to leave Austria.
1942 – The Germans began sending Jews to Auschwitz in Poland.
1945 – The battle of Iwo Jima ended.
1945 – In the Aleutians, the battle of Komandorski began when the Japanese attempted to reinforce a garrison at Kiska and were intercepted by a U.S.
1951 – The U.S. Air Force flag was approved. The flag included the coat of arms, 13 white stars and the Air Force seal on a blue background.
1953 – Dr. Jonas Salk announced a new vaccine that would prevent poliomyelitis.
1956 – Red Buttons made his debut as a television actor in 'Studio One' on CBS television.
1958 – The U.S. Army launched America's third successful satellite, Explorer III.
1962 – The U.S. Supreme Court supported the 1man-1-vote apportionment of seats in the State Legislature.
1969 – The TV movie 'Marcus Welby' was seen on ABC-TV. It was later turned into a series.
1971 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared East Pakistan to be the independent republic of Bangladesh.
1971 – 'Cannon' premiered on CBS-TV as a movie. It was turned into a series later in the year.
1972 – The Los Angeles Lakers broke a National Basketball Association (NBA) record by winning 69 of their 82 games.
1973 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat took over the premiership and said 'the stage of total confrontation (with Israel) has become inevitable.'
1973 – Women were allowed on the floor of the London Stock Exchange for the first time.
1979 – The Camp David treaty was signed by Israel and Egypt that ended the 31-year state of war between the countries.
1981 – In Great Britain, the Social Democratic Party (SDP) gained official recognition.
1982 – Ground breaking ceremonies were held in Washington, DC, for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
1983 – The U.S. performed a nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site.
1989 – The first free elections took place in the Soviet Union. Boris Yeltsin was elected.
1991 – The presidents of Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay signed an agreement that established the Southern Cone Common Market, a free-trade zone, by January 1, 1995.
1992 – In Indianapolis, heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson was found guilty of rape. He was sentenced to 6 years in prison. He only served three.
1995 – Seven of the 15 European Union states abolished border controls.
1996 – The International Monetary Fund approved a
$10.2 billion loan for Russia to help the country transform its economy.